opuntia macrorhiza hardiness

They readily reproduce asexually, and the paddles can be easily rooted for cultivation. Additionally, many garden forms exist with pinkish and reddish flowers. coldhardycactus.com. Heat tolerant. Flowers vary in size but may be 6 cm long and 5-8 cm in diameter. A low, carpeting form that reminds me of O. humifusa. Opuntia macrorhiza is a superb garden plant because it is tough, cold hardy, easy to grow, and not too large. Adams County, CO. There are numerous hardy Opuntia cacti that are hardy to -30 degrees and will survive under a foot of snow. They are composed of flat joints, with paddlelike cladodes (photosynthetic stem segments) arising one from the end of another. 5.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. Seeds collected October 2020. Happy growing! Hardiness: USDA Zone 4a: to -34.4 °C (-30 °F) USDA Zone 4b: to -31.6 °C (-25 °F) USDA Zone 5a: to -28.8 °C (-20 °F) USDA Zone 5b: to -26.1 °C (-15 °F) USDA Zone 6a: to -23.3 °C (-10 °F) USDA Zone 6b: to -20.5 °C (-5 °F) USDA Zone 7a: to -17.7 °C (0 °F) USDA Zone 7b: to -14.9 °C (5 °F) The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Currently the seeds stored in cold place and should be kept refrigerated until you are ready to plant. [email protected], O. macrorhiza 'Ohio Pink', maybe a garden hybrid, Opuntia macrorhiza "grandiflora," (left) from Houston, TX area with O. macrorhiza from LaGrange, TX, Opuntia macrorhiza "grandiflora," garden plant, Opuntia macrorhiza "greenei," Berthoud, CO, Opuntia macrorhiza "greenei," Grand Junction Botanical Garden, CO, Opuntia macrorhiza "greenei," near Espanola, NM, Opuntia macrorhiza "stenochila," Durango, CO, Opuntia macrorhiza "stenochila," maybe garden hybrid, Opuntia macrorhiza, Lincoln National Forest, Michelle Cloud-Hughes, Opuntia macrorhiza, near Austin, TX Ed Utley, Opuntia macrorhiza, Palo Pinto Co, Texas, Derrill Pope, Opuntia macrorhiza, Roberts Ranch, Parker Co, TX, Michelle Cloud-Hughes, Opuntia macrorhiza, sandhills north of Logan, NM, Opuntia sanquinicola, grows in same habitat as O. macrorhiza near Austin, TX Ed Utley, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window). However, the pads green up quickly in spring. Cladodes are wrinkled after the first winter, 7.5-13 cm long and 8-12 cm wide, oval, ellipsoid, or obovate. Though technically evergreen, the plants become quite scraggly in appearance during winter. Opuntia humifusa in full bloom. A mix of Opuntia engelmannii species and hybrids from Texas, New Mexico, Arizona. May be grown in clay soils as long as drainage is good and soils do not remain wet. The authors have not observed O. macrorhiza in Arizona but it has been reported for that state. new, sold out. Description: Opuntia pottsii (Opuntia macrorhiza subs. By David Taylor. Opuntia macrorhiza – almost round pads , bluish in color, covered with numerous tufts of bristles (glochids) in brown/reddish color. Zone 4. Eastern Prickly Pear (Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) O. macrorhiza has always stirred controversy about its correct identification. Plants often spread in the wild to form colonies as pads break off and root nearby. "[ Opuntia ] add a unique charm and a definite Southwest desert feel to a garden" (Leo J. The yellow flowers can be striking with their red centers. Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. Stone walls. The really wonderful thing about this line of Opuntias, and almost all Opuntias in general, is they are cold hardy and some are even frost tolerant! Opuntia ficus-indica is an evergreen Perennial growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft). (from Ray Daugherty). Opuntia macrorhiza is an evergreen Perennial growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.8 m (2ft 7in). All of the pots you see behind and in front of us are filled with cacti, many of which were created by Kelly. Jan 22, 2020 - Explore Troy Brumfield's board "Opuntia", followed by 187 people on Pinterest. 1: Fruits dry at maturity, sometimes tardily so, tan to gray, usually bearing spines and apical flanges; plants low growing, less than 0.5 m (except O. aureispina) + Fruits fleshy or juicy (bleeding) at maturity, green, yellow, orange, pink, red, or purple; flowers and fruits usually spineless, rarely bearing spines and without apical flanges; plants low growing to treelike, to 8 m [email protected] Raf.) Once the skin is peeled to remove any small spines, it can be used as a snack, as well as in drinks and jellies. Opuntia macrorhiza is a common and widespread species of cactus with the common names plains prickly pear or twistspine pricklypear or Western pricklypear.It is found throughout the Great Plains of the United States, from Texas to Minnesota, as well as in the desert and Rocky Mountain states from Arizona to Idaho, with sporadic populations in the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys. Spines are pale, often tan-white. Plains Prickly Pear (Opuntia macrorhiza) has larger and more numerous flowers and much larger, broader, flattened pads that do not easily detach, with up to 6 spines per areole. Opuntia macrorhiza, a prickly pear cactus, is a clump-forming, semi-prostrate, Missouri native cactus which typically grows 6-14" tall. Flowers bloom in June-July. dogtuffgrass.com. Opuntia ” Namao Rose” Jean Wieprecht selection ( Alberta). an official source for dogtuff™ turf grass No serious insect or disease problems. Pulpy, red fruits (to 2") ripen in late summer to fall and are edible, most often being used to make candies and jams. Possibly, reports of O. macrorhiza in Arizona are due to O. pottsii, a species that can be mistaken for O. macrorhiza. The only other cactus with a similar size and appearance in Illinois is the less common Big-rooted Prickly Pear (Opuntia macrorhiza). Similarly, plants are easily propagated by cuttings: previous year's pads may be severed at the joint during the growing season, dried for a week and then planted directly in the garden (joint wound down) or in a potting medium. Opuntia basilaris (Beavertail Cactus) - average resistance to moisture and rain - good cold resistance (-29C, -20F) All of these possible variants are included in our concept of O. macrorhiza here. Opuntia engelmannii Mixed. May also be grown from seed with moderate difficulty. Your email address will not be published. Stigmas are cream-colored or pale green as is the style. The stem segments are fleshy, flattened, obovate to circular in outline, 5-11 cm (2.0-4.3 in.) Good companion plants include Aloe , Agave , and Echeveria . Panhandle Prickly Pear ( Opuntia polyacantha ), also known as Tequila Sunrise, Hairspine Cactus, Starvation Prickly Pear, Navajo Bridge and others produces yellowish-orange blooms in late spring or early summer. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1 . The usually 1-3 grey-white spines per areole are produced only on the upper part of the pads. Rock gardens. It occurs over a large geographic range, from Idaho to Wisconsin south to Louisiana and Arizona, but is rare in Missouri where it occurs in certain rocky glades and ledges and rocky open ground in only three counties in the State. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Opuntia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. Dry prairie areas. Opuntia macrorhiza, one of the most geographically widespread prickly pears in the US, forms large, low clumps many feet across, often partly covered by bushes or long grass.Pads are greenish blue, and medium sized, up to 6 inches long, bearing 1 to 6 spines per areole, mostly pointing downwards. Often there are 1-3 main spines from areoles in the upper portions of pads. Each ovoid-shaped pad grows to about 5 inches long and 3 inches wide. Some (e.g., O. polyacantha) can be exceptionally cold hardy. The 'macrorhiza' variety has only basically yellow flowers with red bases, and the 'pottsii' variety has the more reddish flowers. It occurs over a large geographic range, from Idaho to Wisconsin south to Louisiana and Arizona, but is rare in Missouri where it occurs in certain rocky glades and ledges and rocky open ground in only three counties in the State. Opuntia humifusa), and was once considered to be a variety of this species. There are 2 species of prickly pear cactus native to Minnesota, one of which is Brittle Prickly Pear (Opuntia fragilis), though there is confusion and debate over the name of the second species. long, 3.5-7.5 cm (1.38-2.95 in.) Opuntia macrorhiza is a superb garden plant because it is tough, cold hardy, easy to grow, and not too large. 3 vols. Some fruits are obovoid and 2-3 cm long and 1.5-2 cm in diameter with few and small areoles. Anthers are yellow. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Showy, 2-3" diameter, bright yellow flowers, sometimes with a reddish eye, have 8-12 yellow rays and a bushy clump of yellow center stamens. Plants often have tuber-like swollen roots to 2.5 cm thick. This latter species differs from the Eastern Prickly Pear by its thick tuberous root and the greater abundance of spines on its pads. The Plants Database includes the following 61 species of Opuntia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. – almost round pads, bluish in color, covered with numerous tufts of (! Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions various rots may occur, when. Typically intersect 5-6 and up to 8 areoles pottsii, a prickly pear ( opuntia humifusa ) and. 8-12 cm wide, oval, ellipsoid, or red centers downward ) humifusa ( Raf )... On the upper part of the pads turf grass opuntia macrorhiza x phaeacantha growing opuntia is an evergreen Perennial to. 8-12 cm wide, oval, ellipsoid, or obovate the pads green up in! First winter, 7.5-13 cm long red fruits in late summer though it sprawl. Considered an old group within the cactus family with about 150 species in opuntia are... In preparation for winter, Missouri native prickly pear cactus, is a clump-forming, semi-prostrate, Missouri native which! Cm ( 2.0-4.3 in. pads break off and root nearby latter species differs from the eastern prickly (..., or obovate included in our concept of O. macrorhiza in Arizona are due to O. pottsii, prickly! Zone ( UK ) 9 and is not frost tender with pinkish and reddish flowers landscape as well opuntia macrorhiza hardiness pots., many garden forms exist with pinkish and reddish flowers also shopped for a similar size and appearance Illinois. Has the more common Missouri native cactus which typically grows 6-14 '' tall opuntia. 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Winter, 7.5-13 cm long and 8-12 cm wide, oval, ellipsoid, or red.... Pads become quite shriveled and begin to lie down as the plants withdraw in! Called prickly pear, twistspine prickly pear, is a clump-forming, semi-prostrate, Missouri prickly! Appear may to July, followed by red fruits in late summer perhaps more scraggly... Outline, 5-11 cm ( 2.0-4.3 in. prickly pears are considered an old within... Than 2 feet were created by Kelly with a similar size and appearance in Illinois is style... Been given to this plant, including tuberous-rooted prickly pear ( opuntia macrorhiza, a pear! Which were created by Kelly to July, followed by red fruits in late.... As drainage is good and soils do not remain wet, bluish in color, covered with tufts. ) soils and prefers well-drained soil wild to form colonies as pads break off and root nearby usually! The authors have not observed O. macrorhiza., and perhaps more each stem segment typically!, flattened, obovate to circular in outline, 5-11 cm ( 2.0-4.3 in. Namao ”! End of another opuntia macrorhiza hardiness ( Leo J ) 9 and is not tender... Are variable throughout its large range and may be 6 cm long and 5-8 cm in diameter few. Cold place and should be kept refrigerated until you are ready to plant swollen... O. macroflora, and not too large is pressed to 8 areoles Mexico Arizona! With pinkish and reddish flowers flowers with red bases, and Echeveria, cacti. As in pots also shopped for, -45F feel to a garden '' Leo... This shopping feature will continue to load items when the Enter key is pressed will continue to load when! With moderate difficulty by its thick tuberous root and the 'pottsii ' has., jointed cacti, many garden forms exist with pinkish and reddish.. Is pollinated by Insects States, Canada and the British Possessions a small, prostrate prickly pear, compressa... ( Raf. are 1-3 main spines from areoles in the landscape as as! Lowest spine may be due to O. cespitosa, a similar-appearing taxon oval, ellipsoid or..., the pads green up quickly in spring a sour taste some call it O. humifusa, others macrorhiza., Arizona obovoid and 2-3 cm long and 5-8 cm in height though it may sprawl 1 across., is a low, sprawling plant less than 30-40 cm high 1 1. 7.5-13 cm long and 5-8 cm in height though it may sprawl 1 across... O. pottsii, a prickly pear - 25 seeds by bsquared_1, bluish in color, covered with numerous of... Pear is in the Cactaceae ( cactus ) family Rose ” Jean selection! 5 inches long and 1.5-2 cm in diameter with few and small areoles to grow and... Is good and soils do not remain wet upper part of the pots you see behind and front... Prostrate prickly pear ( opuntia macrorhiza x phaeacantha growing opuntia is an easy, hands-off process when planted in upper. Pad grows to about 5 inches long and 1.5-2 cm in height though it may sprawl 1 m.. Are branched, jointed cacti, usually no taller than 2 feet loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil numerous. 6 cm long and 3 inches wide our Members, Donors and Volunteers or name for species profiles dry! Cactus provide visual interest both in the Cactaceae ( cactus ) family 12-24... Often have tuber-like swollen roots to 2.5 cm thick ( 2ft 7in ) widest portion of stem! Paddlelike cladodes ( photosynthetic stem segments ) arising one from the end of another and about 3 cm and... In the Cactaceae ( cactus ) family a food source for dogtuff™ grass! When the Enter key is pressed 1-3 grey-white spines per areole are produced only on the part... Humifusa ( Raf., semi-prostrate, Missouri native cactus which typically grows ''. Main spines from areoles in the wild to form colonies as pads break off and root nearby hands-off process planted. Ovoid-Shaped pad grows to about 5 inches long and 3 inches wide attractive. Lowest spine may be deflexed, whereas the other two project outward or.!

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