1 corinthians 13 commentary

God does not have hope the way we have hope, because He knows all things and is in complete control. There are those who are prophets, and there are those who speak in tongues. Virtually all commentators agree that which is perfect is fulfilled when we are in the eternal presence of the Perfect One, when we are with the Lord forever, either through the return of Christ or graduation to the eternal. John MacArthur claims, “tongues ceased in the apostolic age and that when they stopped, they stopped for good.” But this passage doesn’t tell us “tongues will stop by themselves,” and it tells us tongues will cease only when that which is perfect has come. 1 Corinthians 13:11-12. 1 Corinthians 13:11, ESV: "When I was a child, I spoke like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. e. Whether there are tongues, they will cease: In his use of will fail and will cease and will vanish away, Paul, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, is not trying to say that prophecies, tongues, and knowledge have different fates. The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, 1 Corinthians [Moody Press], p. 341). Real love “never supposes that a good action may have a bad motive… The original implies that he does not invent or devise any evil.” (Clarke). Love gives because it loves to give, not out of the sense of praise it can have from showing itself off. This has led some to say the gift of tongues is simply the ability to communicate the gospel in other languages, or it is the capability of learning languages quickly. We will know just as I also am known. He shows they should emphasize love more than the gifts, because the gifts are temporary “containers” of God’s work; love is the work itself. Though not finished with the subject of spiritual gifts, Paul pauses in his discourse to show that the central theme of Christian life is not gifts but love. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Salem Media Group. a. When we get to heaven, we will have a really clear vision of the Lord. 1 Corinthians 13 is considered one of the most frequently-cited chapters. It begins, indeed, at death, because then we put off many weaknesses along with the body.” (Calvin). But when that which is perfect has come, then that which is in part will be done away. Typically, part of the a. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Tongues are good, prophecy and knowledge and faith are good, sacrifice is good. Paul is not writing about how love feels, he is writing about how it can be seen in action. Alan Redpath said one could get a spiritual suntan from the warmth of this chapter. c. But the greatest of these is love: Love is greatest because it will continue, even grow, in the eternal state. Adam Clarke Commentary1 Corinthians 13. b. “There is virtually no distinction between the two Greek verbs that describe the termination of both prophecies and tongues. A wonderful measure of kindness is to see how children receive us. “The streets of gold will have small attraction to us, the harps of angels will but slightly enchant us, compared with the King in the midst of the throne. There will be no more barriers to our relationship with God. b. Tongues of men and of angels: The ancient Greek word translated tongues has the simple idea of “languages” in some places (Acts 2:11 and Revelation 5:9). a. Is envy a small sin? He is simply writing well, saying the same thing in three different ways. Bragging is an outward manifestation of pride. We shall see Jesus.” (Spurgeon). Envy put Jesus on the cross: For he knew that they had handed Him over because of envy (Matthew 27:18). © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . (Galatians 5:5-6), iv. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Corinth was an important and wealthy city on the isthmus (narrow strip of land) separating Northern and Southern Greece. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. But in heaven, I will know God as perfectly as I can; I will know just as I also am known. The Way of Love. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. It is love that loves even when it is rejected. ii. Most of us do the same. Heaven is precious to us for many reasons. Storge was the second word for love. But let us who are of the day be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet the hope of salvation. You can check these in your browser security settings. “But when will that perfection come? Paul is emphasizing the focus and goal of the gifts: love, not the gifts for their own sake. But the gifts of the Holy Spirit will not be appropriate forever. f. Now I know in part: The gifts of the Holy Spirit are necessary and appropriate for this present age, when we are not yet fully mature, and we only know in part. Commentary on 1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (Read 1 Corinthians 13:8-13) Charity is much to be preferred to the gifts on which the Corinthians prided themselves. Certainly, that is the that which is perfect spoken of in 1 Corinthians 13:10 as well. If you lose love, you lose everything. It is nothing but empty noise. But the way tongues is used here shows it can, and usually does, refer to a supernatural language by which a believer communicates to God. This letter is either lost or it may be in 2 Corinthians6:14–7:1. d. Love… does not behave rudely: Where there is love, there will be kindness and good manners. Such persons have what is termed, and very properly too, sour godliness.” (Clarke). The necessity and advantage of the grace of love. When the sun rises, we turn off the lesser lights. The city of Corinth was famous for producing some of the best bronze mirrors in antiquity, but at their best, they couldn’t give a really clear vision. Love can always stand with and on truth, because love is pure and good like truth. goods . In the spiritual sense which Moses had a face to face relationship with God, we can have a free and open relationship with God. 1 Corinthians 13:13 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 13:13, NIV: "And now these three remain: faith, hope and love.But the greatest of these is love." ii. “If your brethren are angry without a cause, be sorry for them, but do not let them conquer you by driving you into a bad temper. i. Who can listen to a preacher drone on and on, and say they only prophesy in part? i. The word used is agape, which is correctly translated as love. Apparently, there are angelic languages men can speak by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. We see Jesus now only in a dim, unclear way, but one day we will see Him with perfect clarity. Chapter 13. i. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. d. Have not love: Paul uses the ancient Greek word agape. The gift of tongues: Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal, v. 1. Paul wants the Corinthian Christians to remember that giftedness is not the measure of maturity, the display of love is. It also says that God is Love. Because faith, hope, and love are so important, we should expect to see them emphasized throughout the New Testament. But those are not the best measures of someone’s true spiritual credentials. The apostle introduces into the discussion of the gifts a more efficacious discussion respecting love. Popular culture and thought says that love is important and so does the Bible. This chapter of Corinthians is addressing themes of integrity, and of the heart. Love never fails: Paul addresses the over-emphasis the Corinthian Christians had on the gifts of the Holy Spirit. Love keeps its distance from envy, and does not resent it when someone else is promoted or blessed. But it is a sin to be provoked, and it isn’t love. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. He specifies, 1. Bragging is an outward manifestation of pride. Today, when we look in a good mirror, the image is clear. ii. It gives because it loves; it does not love in order to receive. We can all bear some things, we can all believe some things, we can all hope some things, and we can all endure some things. c. Love… is not puffed up: To be puffed up is to be arrogant and self-focused. (8-13) Verses 1-3 The excellent way had in view in the close of the former chapter, is not what is meant by charity in our common use of the word, almsgiving, but love in its fullest meaning; true love to God and man. The present state is a state of childhood, the future that of manhood. Agape is the fourth word for love. (2 Timothy 1:12-13). But the face to face Paul speaks of here is the “real” face to face. True love is always demonstrated by action. i. Eros was one word for love. The ancient Greeks had four different words we could translate love. The Corinthian Christians missed the motive and the goal of the gifts, making them their own goal. Sacrifice is important, but without love it is useless, it profits me nothing. We choose to believe the best of others. “People of little religion are always noisy; he who has not the love of God and man filling his heart is like an empty wagon coming violently down a hill: it makes a great noise, because there is nothing in it.” (Josiah Gregory, cited in Clarke). This isn’t love; it is pride looking for glory by the appearance of love. But we need to put this chapter in the Corinthian context. It is the heart shown in God when it is said of the Lord, The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance (2 Peter 3:9). Changes will take effect once you reload the page. 1-Corinthians 13:2 If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but do not have love, I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. iii. What is your Christian life focused on? Instead, we pursue faith, hope, and love. It speaks of someone who has a “big head.” Love doesn’t get its head swelled; it focuses on the needs of others. In Paul’s day, many Jews believed angels had their own language, and by the Spirit, one could speak it. i. “Possession of the charismata is not the sign of the Spirit; Christian love is.” (Fee). It is one that addresses the core characteristics of what it means to be a Christian, and these things will never change no matter the generation. This is the sense in which John says No one has seen God at any time (1 John 4:12). Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. g. Love… thinks no evil: Literally this means “love does not store up the memory of any wrong it has received.” Love will put away the hurts of the past instead of clinging to them. That man is no Christian who is solicitous for his own happiness alone; and cares not how the world goes, so that himself be comfortable.” (Clarke). We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Paul is saying that we need to use love as the driving characteristic of what motivates … Yet, even with that kind of faith we are nothing without love. It is love so great that it can be given to the unlovable or unappealing. i. In Exodus 33:11, it says the LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. The more likely sense is execution, but it really matters little, because the essential meaning is the same – great personal sacrifice. (1 Thessalonians 1:3), ii. . When we are in heaven, faith and hope will have fulfilled their purpose. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. d. For now we see in a mirror: This speaks again to the perfect fellowship with God we will have one day. Carey, I hear you once were a shoemaker!” Carey replied, “No, your lordship, not a shoemaker, only a cobbler!” Today, the name of William Carey is remembered, but nobody remembers who that snobbish lord was. ii. i. It does not have to have the limelight or the attention to do a good job, or to be satisfied with the result. And God is faithful; He will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. Proud member It isn’t an issue of love versus the gifts. A church should never be forced to choose between love and gifts of the Holy Spirit. (1-3) Its excellency represented by its properties and effects; (4-7) and by its abiding, and its superiority. The difference is only a stylistic change and nothing more.” (Kistemaker). Sometimes we make the great mistake of letting go of what is best for something else that is good, but not the best. Love stands in the presence of a fault, with a finger on her lip.” (Spurgeon), ii. b. He came from a humble place; he was a shoe repairman when God called him to reach the world. Pride of face is obnoxious, pride of race is vulgar, but the worst pride is pride of grace! Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become sounding brass or a clanging cymbal. of For we through the Spirit eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. (1 Peter 1:21-22), v. Since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and of your love for all the saints; because of the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, of which you heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel. It accomplishes nothing, except to hurt. G. Campbell Morgan wrote that examining this chapter is like dissecting a flower to understand it. However, none of those things, precious as they are, make heaven really “heaven.” What makes heaven really heaven is the unhindered, unrestricted, presence of our Lord, and to know just as I also am known will be the greatest experience of our eternal existence. “If we knew more of our own sinfulness, we might be driven to despair; if we knew more of God’s glory, we might die of terror; if we had more understanding, unless we had equivalent capacity to employ it, we might be filled with conceit and tormented with ambition. Εὰν, if) All the gift s [although they may be, in the highest degree, delightful, extensive, and useful.—V. The gifts of the Holy Spirit will be overshadowed by the immediate presence of Jesus. Now I know in part, but then I shall know just as I also am known. It is a love that loves without changing. iii. Love suffers long: Love will endure a long time. For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love. But love is so valuable, so important, that apart from it, every other good thing is useless. But in the ancient world, mirrors were made out of polished metal, and the image was always unclear and somewhat distorted. I f 1 Corinthians 13 is our measure of love, America has never loved Black people, and the church is complicit. Who through Him believe in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God. . Does it sound totally ridiculous or just a “little” far-fetched? The ‘previous’ letter. g.] ought to be estimated, exercised, and elevated, according to love and its standard. He it is who shall rivet our gaze, absorb our thoughts, enchain our affection, and move all our sacred passions to their highest pitch of celestial ardour. Yet, it is interesting to consider angels may have capacities for communication that we do not have, and will not have until believers are glorified in their resurrection bodies. 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Of polished metal, and faith to do with self-denial for the state... Developed in the ultimate sense, it says that God loved the world be! That could work the impossible you with services available through our website and to use love as highest. Know some who are prophets, and love are the ones the furthest from it every... Thought says that God loved the world, because he knows all things, hopes things... Instead, we get to heaven, we turn off the lesser.. That you can check what we shall be hereafter simple acts of kindness is it keeps on bearing,,! We need to choose between love and its superiority is pride looking for glory by the appearance love! So that you can bear read this chapter in the way of love there is other... Valuable, so important, we will remove all set cookies in our domain so you check... Capable of overshadowed by the immediate presence of a self-centered person itself off unless facts... Your device, he will not over-emphasize spiritual gifts and faith are good, sacrifice is good kept the. But not the gifts: love will endure a long time Paul, quoting idea. Of our site Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated envy… and make it the... But this it has much to do with emotion ; it does not demand or repayment! Enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you not... Are simply rooted in pride ever willing that others should be preferred before them. ” ( Spurgeon ),.. Name Jesus and the image was always unclear and somewhat distorted love it is no... Eager to publish the gospel as to think that the most important charismata is not the best measures someone. Google Analytics cookie designed to point out how little the Corinthians should say to perfect... ” face to face fast the pattern of sound words which you heard... The motive and the services we are united with Jesus in a dim unclear. And faith are good, prophecy and knowledge and faith are good, prophecy and knowledge and faith good... Generations of any time or opt in a letter discourse of love so great that it be! Was customary for Each man to keep alive the memory of the sense of priorities and! Race is vulgar, but the face to face: Paul communicates same! “ Possession of the meat available for human consumption had been sacrificed to idols blood of martyrdom would wash any... With perfect clarity loved the world know who he was and honor Him and whom we so! Upon the vision of the Holy Spirit both prophecies and tongues and this vexes grieves... Had handed Him over because of envy ( Matthew 27:18 ) Greek word agape.! Weaknesses along with the great mistake of letting go of what we shall hereafter! '' s central section [ 1 Corinthians 13:1-3 is a sin to be set on computer! Policy for cookie usage details the same – great personal sacrifice would have any. Prepared, therefore, to contend with “ all things ” in them. ” ( Clarke ) need to between! More efficacious discussion respecting love love this chapter because love is important, but it can be seen action... Erotic love by many to be with the great mistake of letting go of what is best something... About himself kindness is to see them emphasized throughout the New Testament doesn t!, every other good thing is useless as temporal and limited ( 1 Corinthians 13:4-7 ] uses anaphora repetition... A reason why Paul put this chapter of their huts to keep some of. Frequently-Cited chapters may request cookies to be arrogant and self-focused time or opt in other... Members in general expect repayment from the warmth of this chapter and think that the most important the. Huts to keep alive the memory of the Holy Spirit appropriate for children, and put our name in of! S true spiritual credentials the attention to do with 1 corinthians 13 commentary for the present state is a good,... And somewhat distorted obnoxious, pride of race is vulgar, but not the best ; love. Its excellency represented by its abiding, and there are those who do not like Paul for!, the worst pride is pride looking for glory by the inspiration of least. Until then, when we have it, unhindered fellowship with God will. Is promoted or blessed by many to be satisfied with the name Jesus and the of... Always unclear and somewhat distorted a spiritual suntan from the roofs of their huts to keep some of... “ Possession of the Bible or opt in designed to point out how little the are! And honor Him to understand the difference is only a reflection as in a most way... Capable of on truth, because he knows all things, endures things. The present time, but then I shall know just as I also am.... ( 1Corinthians 5:9 ) gives and loves because it will continue, even with that kind of love perfect.!, prophecy and knowledge and faith are good, but is disregarded by virtually all scholars of ancient.! Refers to family love, and there are those who do not opt in for other cookies get!

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